The dynamics of the number of Russian-speaking title population in the states of Central Asia in the post-Soviet period
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Date of publication
22.06.2022
Public year
2022
DOI
10.37490/S221979310018640-7
The dynamics of the number of Russian-speaking title population in the states of Central Asia in the post-Soviet period
Annotation

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the legal and factual status of the Russian language began to change in the countries of the near abroad, its distribution as a whole, including the degree of its use in various spheres of public life, significantly decreased. This also affected the degree of Russian language proficiency by representatives of various nationalities, including the titular population of young states. The purpose of the study is to identify factors that affect the dynamics of the Russian-speaking titular population of Central Asian countries in the post-Soviet period. The study is based on a comparative analysis of population census materials from different years, as well as expert assessments. The factors influencing the relevant socio-cultural processes in the countries of Central Asia at different time intervals of the post-Soviet period are analyzed. In particular, in the context of the states of the region, the factors of legislative, ethno-demographic, social, foreign policy and economic nature that affect the status of the Russian language in society were considered, positive and negative trends in the spread of the Russian language were identified. This, in turn, made it possible to form an assessment of the position of the Russian language among the titular population of the countries of the Central Asian region.

Aleksandr Khokhrin
Department of Geography, Pskov State University, Pskov
Viktor Fedorko
geography teacher of the highest category
Secondary school №233 of the city of Tashkent
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