Korean Guerilla against Japanese aggression in Manchuria (1931-1937)
Korean Guerilla against Japanese aggression in Manchuria (1931-1937)
Read   Download pdf

The struggle of Korean partisans in the border areas of Manchuria with Korea is one of the heroic pages of the anti-Japanese resistance of the population of North-Eastern China from 1931 to 1941, which to some extent, prevented Japanese militarism from implementing plans to invade the Soviet far East. One of the notable participants in the guerilla was a young Korean partisan, Kim Song Ju, who took the pseudonym Kim Il Sung. Born in Korea, he lived in Manchuria and joined the Communist party of China there. He was forced by the pressure of the Japanese army to retreat to the USSR with the remnants of his unit in January 1941.

The valley of the border river Tumangan on the Chinese side (Manchuria) much earlier than the Chinese began to settle and develop Koreans (from the middle of the nineteenth century). By 1931 it has become a kind of Korean enclave on Chinese territory with an immigrant population of about 800,000 people. This region was named Jiandao.

The Korean Communist insurgents under the auspices of the Communist party of China relied on the poor peasantry, which made up more than 65% of the Korean diaspora, and had strong allies - the CPC and the USSR, which provided assistance to armed patriots through the Comintern. The base of influence of the Korean nationalists was much narrower. The majority of rich Korean peasants became collaborators, cooperating with the Japanese authorities, helping them to conduct punitive expeditions against the insurgents. Many nationalists, realizing the impasse of the situation, joined the coalition under the auspices of the CPC. The remnants of the broken detachments became part of the Communist formations. For example, the remnants of the Korean revolutionary army joined Kim Il Sung's unit.

The war that Japan began against China in 1937 gave a new impetus to the anti-Japanese movement of Korean rebels, for whom it was also a struggle for the liberation of Korea from the colonial yoke.

About authors
victor guykin
senior researcher
Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS. Pushkinskaya

1.  Materials on the history of Korean government: in 10 volumes. Tokyo, 1970-1971. Vol. 1. 1970. (In Japan.)

2. Reports of the student group on the study of the economy of Manchuria. S.l., S.A. Vol. 3. (In Japan.).

3. The current situation of the Manchu Empire. Tokyo, 1937.

4. The situation in Halong County, Jiangdao Province. Kantosyo, 1936.

5. Suh-Dae-Sook. The Korean communist movement 1918-1948. Princeton (N.J.), 1967.

6. The modern history of Korea. Pyongyang, 1979. (In Russ.)

7. Baik Bong. Kim Il Sung Biography (1). Tokyo, 1969.

8. Public order in Korea at present. 1934. Tokyo, 1966 (Reprint). (In Japan.)

9. Chong-sik Lee. Korean wоrker's party: а short history. Stanford, 1978.

10. Baik Bong. Kim Il Sung Biography (1). Tokyo, 1969.

11. Manchurian bandits and the policy of appeasement. B.M., 1938. (In Japan.)

12. Scalaplno R.A., Chong-sic Lee. Communism in Korea. Berk1ey-Los Angeles, 1972, part 1. 395 p.

13. 1935. Research Association for the Study of National and Colonial Problems. News bulletin. Moscow. (In Russ.)

14. Panshi People's Revolutionary Army. S.L., 1936. (In Japan.)

15. Consolidated report on the pacification of the northern part of Dongbyangdao. S. l., 1937 (In Japan.)

16. Modern problems of China and Manchuria. B.M., 1934. V. 2.

17. Public order in Korea at present. 1934. Tokyo, 1966 (Reprint). (In Japan.)

18. Mazurov V.M. 1958. The anti-Japanese armed struggle of the Korean people. Moscow. (In Russ.)

19. Zhou Baozhong. Anti-Japanese guerrilla warfare and the Combined anti-Japanese army of Northeast China. Short essay. Danshi tsylyao, 1954, № 9. (In Chin.)

20. Information on punitive operations. S.L., 1938. (In Japan.)

21. Nagaoka Titaro. Perspectives of the Far East and peoples. Tokyo, 1938. (In Japan.)

22. Manzhougo Police Review. S.L., 1940. (In Japan.)

23. ??

24. ??

25. ??

26. ??

27. 1

Additional materials

The number of partisans in Dongbiandao [13, p. 126] (additional_1.pdf, 29 Kb) [Link]