“Where the Choir Was, Now Grass Grows”: English Dissolution and Monastic Towns
“Where the Choir Was, Now Grass Grows”: English Dissolution and Monastic Towns
Read   Download pdf
Annotation
The article deals with the fate of urban monastic precincts in England after the Dissolution of 1536—1540, as a part of English Reformation. The problem is studies on the material of monastic towns of the South-Eastern England that had monastic precincts within their townscapes. A number of these towns had struggled against the monastic lordship with a different level of persistency over a long period of time, so the liberation from it was supposed to encourage the better integration of a precinct (or rather its territory) into the urban landscape, open new perspectives for the inclusion of these territories into townscapes, and be conductive for an official recognition of urban communities. However, this did not happen. Monastic precincts were largely destroyed, as their buildings were demolished and used as a quarry for different building materials. It is possible to distinguish several functional possibilities for the subsequent use of monastic precincts: a royal residence, a private residence, or a place for urban administration. In addition, in some occasions a monastic church could be used as a parish one for the town. Usually former monastic precincts ended in the hands of royal courtiers and remained for the most part undeveloped and uninhabited. The towns under consideration, i.e. former monastic towns, only occasionally managed to come into possession of some parts of monastic buildings.
About authors
Anna Anisimova
Seignior Research Fellow of the Institute of World History. Associate Professor of the State University of the Humanities
References

1. Savin A. N. Anglijskaya sekulyarizatsiya. M., 1906.

2. Aston M. English Ruins and English History: The Dissolution and the Sense of the Past // Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes. 1973. Vol. 36. P. 231—255.

3. Baxter R. The Royal Abbey of Reading. Woodbridge, 2016.

4. Brod M. Abingdon in Context: Small Town Politics in early Modern England, 1547—1688. Peterborough, 2010.

5. Calendar of Patent Rolls. Edward VI. Nendeln, 1970. 6 vols.

6. Calendar of the Patent Rolls. Philip and Mary. Nendeln, 1970. 4 Vols.

7. Clapham A. W. The Benedictine Abbey of Barking // Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society. N.S. 1911. Vol. 12. P. 69—87.

8. Cox M. Abingdon Abbey to Borough, 1512—1556. Abingdon, 1975.

9. Doggett N. The Demolition and Conversion of Former Monastic Buildings in Post-Dissolution Hertfordshire // Monastic Archaeology. Papers on the Study of Medieval Monasteries / ed. by G. Keevill, M. Aston, T. Hall. Oxford, 2001. P. 165—174.

10. Duffy E. The Stripping of the Altars. Traditional Religion in England 1400—1580. New Haven; London, 1992.

11. Fowler F. A. Dunstable Priory Church. Dunstable, 1977.

12. Gesta Abbatum Monasterii Sancti Albani, a Thoma Walsingham, regnante Ricardo Secundo, ejusdem ecclesiæ præcentore, compilata / ed. by H. T. Riley. London, 1867. Vol. 1.

13. Hoyle R. W. Introduction: Aspects of the Crown's Estates, c. 1558—1640 // The Estates of the English Crown, 1558—1640 / ed. by R. W. Hoyle. Cambridge, 2002. P. 1—57.

14. Huggins P. J. Excavations on the north side of Sun Street, Waltham Abbey 1974—75: Saxon burials, precinct wall and the south-east transept // Essex Archaeology and History. 3rd series. 1988. Vol. 19. P. 117—153.

15. Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII / ed. J. Gairdner. London, 1892. Vol. 13, 14, 16, 21.

16. Liveing H. G. D. Records of Romsey Abbey. An Account of the Benedictine House of Nuns, with Notes on the Parish Church and Town. AD 907—1558. Winchester, 1906.

17. Martin J. The People of Reading and the Reformation, 1520—1570: The Leadership and Priorities in Borough and Parishes. PhD Thesis. Reading, 1987.

18. Niblett R., Thompson I. AlbanTs Buried Towns. An Assessment of St. AlbansT Archaeology up to AD 1600. Oxford, 2005.

19. Preston A. E. The Demolition of Reading Abbey // Berkshire Archaeological Journal. 1935. Vol. 39. № 2. P. 107—144.

20. Readings. Charter, Acts and Orders. 1253—1911 / ed. by C. Fleetwood Pritchard. Reading; London, 1913.

21. Richardson W. C. History of the Court of Augmentations 1536—1554. Baton Rouge, 1961.

22. Roberts E. St AlbansT Borough Boundary and its Significance in the PeasantsT Revolt // The Peasants' Revolt in Hertfordshire 1381. The Rising and its Background. A Symposium. Hertford, 1981. P. 136—153.

23. Scott I. R. Romsey Abbey: Benedictine Nunnery and Parish Church // Monastic Archaeology. Papers on the Study of Medieval Monasteries / ed. by G. Keevill, M. Aston, T. Hall. Oxford, 2001. P. 150—160.

24. The Common-Place Book of Faversham / ed. by K. M. E. Murray // Archaeologia Cantiana. London, 1936. Vol. 48. P. 91—114.

25. The Religious Orders in Pre-Reformation England / ed. by J. G. Clark. Woodbridge, 2002.

26. The Statutes at Large / ed. by D. Pickering. Cambridge, 1763. Vol. 5.

27. Titler R. The Reformation and the Towns in England: Politics and Political Culture, c. 1540—1640. Oxford, 1998.

28. Valor Ecclesiasticus / ed. by J. Caley and J. Hunter. London, 1810—1834. 6 vols.

29. Writing BritainTs Ruins / ed. by M. Carter, P. N. Lindfield, D. Townshend. London, 2017.

Полная версия доступна только подписчикам
Подпишитесь прямо сейчас