The Reaction of the Leadership of the KSČ, the MSZMP and the PZPR to the Resignation of Nikita Khrushchev: Political Miscalculation or an Attempt to Revise the Principles of Soviet Domination in the Socialist Camp?
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Date of publication
31.08.2018
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2018
The Reaction of the Leadership of the KSČ, the MSZMP and the PZPR to the Resignation of Nikita Khrushchev: Political Miscalculation or an Attempt to Revise the Principles of Soviet Domination in the Socialist Camp?
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Annotation
The article is devoted to the discussion of the results of the October Plenum (1964) of the Central Committee of the CPSU by the top political leadership of the countries of the socialist block. Having come to power in October 1964, L. I. Brezhnev confronted the “collective front” of the leaders of key European countries of the socialist camp. J. Kadar, A. Novotny, V. Gomulka unanimously assured the new Soviet leadership in their “loyalty to the general line of the Central Committee of the CPSU” at the same time led the struggle to win new political powers within the already established world system of socialism foreign policy actions of the Soviet Union and relations between the socialist countries — a leitmotif of the statements of the leaders of the socialist countries during the discussion of the resignation of Khrushchev. The change of power in the USSR became a convenient excuse to voice their positions and Brezhnev, forced to enter into dialogue, faced a new political reality. However, the understanding of the essence of this new “political reality” could differ: only time could give an answer, which was behind Brezhnev’s promises to find “new forms of relations with the socialist countries” given by him during the negotiations with Kadar on November 9—10, 1964, “Prague Spring” in 1968 and, in many ways, the “Brezhnev Doctrine”, which became a reaction to the Czechoslovak crisis, to a large extent, they drew a line under the discussion of the fall of 1964.
About authors
Teimur Dzhalilov
Senior Research Fellow of the Institute of World History RAS. Head of the Department for Studying and Preparing for Publication of Archival Documents of the Russian State Archive of Contemporary History
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