Humanitarian influence in foreign policy revisited: resources, channels, infrastructures
Humanitarian influence in foreign policy revisited: resources, channels, infrastructures
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The paper deals with a problem of conceptualization of humanitarian influence in international relations. It argues the existent concepts such as soft power and public diplomacy are not sufficient for complex research of humanitarian dimension of foreign policy. Theoretical limitations of soft power concept are unearthed. The paper introduces the concept of humanitarian policy and describes the structure of humanitarian influence process. A classification of major humanitarian policy channels is introduced comprising public diplomacy, education and socialization, norms and standards, international aid, mass media, lobbyism, and regime change. Reference is made to the fact that as a matter of actual practice hybrid channels and tools of influence have the upper hand. For instance, international aid is being conditioned upon political steps by a government of a target country, opening up internal market to corporations from a donor-state, adaptation of certain technical standards, purchasing of foreign technical equipment, etc. The typology of humanitarian policy resources is introduced comprising infrastructural, diplomatic, sociocultural, regulatory, and ideological types of resources. Strategy and tactics of state humanitarian policy is defined not as much by abstract conceptions and doctrines as by availability certain types of resources.   
About authors
Vyacheslav Sutyrin
vice-rector for international affairs
State Academic University for the Humanities (GAUGN)
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