North Africa: Food problem in the light of the UN initiative on the formation of “national food systems”
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Date of publication
24.11.2021
Public year
2021
DOI
10.31857/S032150750017390-1
North Africa: Food problem in the light of the UN initiative on the formation of “national food systems”
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Over the past 3-4 decades, some progress has been made in the countries of North and North-East Africa, and - broader - in the Middle East, in development/transformation of agriculture and its branches related to food production. As a result, the key indicators of food production and consumption per capita have increased significantly. Moreover, the consumption growth performance was higher than the production growth performance, and that was driven by an increase in food imports.

At the same time, the food insecurity remains acute in several ways. This applies to the manifestations of mass hunger in the Sahel as well as to the increased pressure on the budget due to both the significant increase in world food prices and the import volume. These and other specifics of the current state of the food insecurity in the countries of North Africa and other regions of the world, require a new vision of providing the population with food and shaping an integral approach to resolve the problem.

Experts are linking this vision with the promotion of the so-called UN Initiative announced by the Secretary-General A.Guterres in the fall of 2020 and aimed at an integrated approach to resolution of the food insecurity: the development of "national food security and nutrition systems" in the countries of the world, which would include the development of mechanisms and tools necessary for a better and a comprehensive food supply to the world's population, and take into account both local and national conditions, as well as medical nutrition standards.

About authors
Aleksandr A. Tkachenko
Institute for African Studies
Konstantin A. Tkachenko
Researcher, Center for Global and Strategic Studies, Institute for African Studies, RAS
Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
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